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American flamingo

CLASS

Birds

FAMILY

Phoenicopteridae

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Phoenicopterus ruber

WHERE IS IN THE PARK

Safari

The american flamingo is a water bird of the Phoenicopteridae family, widespread in the Galapagos and Caribbean Islands, in Venezuela and Colombia.
It is an impressive winged animal, that, as other flamingos, prefers lagoons and mudflats environments, where the salinity can be high.The males are generally larger than females, they can be 145 cm tall and weigh 2,8 kg. The plumage is pink, the wing coverts are red, and the primary and secondary flight feathers are black.
The flamingo is a social bird, that forms gigantic colonies of thousands of individuals. The flamingos are a monogamous species, they lay a single egg in a very simple mud nest site. The american flamingo rests standing on one leg, it ingests food through a highly specialized beak, filtering out Cyanobacteria (blu-green weeds), small crustaceans and shellfish from water. The presence of lamellae and the movements of the tongue permit the flamingo to separate the mud and silica from the food, while ingesting. The plumage’s red colour mostly comes from the support of carotenoids of their diet. Almost unique feature is the upside down position while eating. The american flamingos are predated by hyenas, jackals and eagles.

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